The Arts and Humanities – what I first came to know as Geisteswissenschaften (lit.: sciences of the spirit) – are foundational for all forms of inquiry. In heritage studies it is often said that there is no tangible without intangible heritage; in the same way one could say that there are no physical, social, or any other sciences without a basis in the arts and humanities.

Ullrich Kockel is Professor Emeritus in the School of Social Sciences, Heriot-Watt University. His research includes intangible cultural heritage with focus on sustainable communities, place-making and displacement, human ecology, counter-cultural movements, and philosophical anthropology. He is also a Visiting Professor at the Latvian Academy of Culture, Rīga, and at Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas/Lithuania, and a Member of the Royal Irish Academy.